NOTE: The following articles appeared as front-page items April 1925 editions of the Albany Evening Herald/Albany Democrat.
Monday, April 13
Four arrested as drunks; 2 fined; one forfeits bail
Roscoe Gaines of Scio, Perry Wright of Lebanon and Walter Sturgis of Lacomb spent last night in the city jail after being arrested at 10:30 o'clock near First and Lyon streets, on charges of being drunk and disorderly. Gaines and Sturges each paid a $25 fine in the city court this morning, but Wright was still in jail late this afternoon.
At 10:45 o'clock last night, J.M. Martin of Corvallis was arrested for being drunk. He deposited a $25 bail, which he forfeited. All of the arrests were made by Night Officer R.L. Chandler.
Thursday, April 16
Three taken in raid; two fined
Peter Paulus contributed in all $100 to the city treasury and faces the possibility of further contributions to the state and county as a result of his arrest at 1 o'clock this morning by Night Officer R.L. Chandler, just after he had left his tailor shop on Lyon Street.
Paulus pleaded guilty in the city court to the charge of possessing liquor, for which he was fined $75, and to the charge of being drunk, which cost him an additional $25.
In the justice court Paulus was scheduled to appear this afternoon for trial on two charges: maintaining a common nuisance to which he had pleaded not guilty, and possession of liquor, to which he had not pleaded late this afternoon.
Night Officer Chandler also arrested near the Paulus shop Roy Froman and D. Wieder, charging each with drunkenness. Wieder admitted today to having been drinking, and paid a $25 fine. Froman was brought to court for trial after having spent the night in jail. He was still too drunk, according to City Recorder Nutting, to have his hearing this morning, and so was returned tothe city jail to become more sober.
After arresting Paulus on the drunk charge, Officer Chandler and Sheriff Frank Richard procured a search warrant and searched the Paulus shop. The possession complaint was a result of the search.
Monday, April 20
Liquor charge will be fought
J.M. Ehrenrich pleaded not guilty in the justice court this morning to the charge of selling liquor, lodged against him by Night Officer R.L. Chandler, who arrested him Saturday night. The officer used a marked bill in affixing suspicion upon the defendant, according to his report at the police station.
Ehrenrich was arraigned this morning and released under $500 bail after he had asked the privilege of an attorney.
Tuesday, April 21
Officers discuss enforcement of Prohibition law
The get-together law enforcement conference for Linn County convened this afternoon in the First Presbyterian Church, attended by citizens from various sections of the county interested in law enforcement to a greater extent than in the past. The meeting was called primarily to give the citizens an opportunity to become better acquainted with their officers and ascertain at first hand methods of the law.
Beginning at 6:30 this evening a banquet will be served in the dining parlors of the church. Governor Walter M. Pierce, Judge Percy R. Kelly and Justice of Peace Victor Olliver, will be speakers.
Following this meeting beginning at 8 o'clock a Law Enforcement mass meeting will be held in the main auditorium of the church and will be addressed by Governor Pierce, W.S. Levens, state prohibition commissioner, and others. This meeting is open to the general public.
The program this afternoon under the direction of W.J. Herwig, superintendent of the Anti-Saloon League, was: Devotional, Rev. G.V. Fallis; "Object of Conference," W.J. Herwig; general topic for discussion, "The Prohibition Law, Its Enforcement Methods and Cooperation." First, from the standpoint of the district attorney, L.G. Lewelling; second, from the standpoint of the sheriff, Frank Richard; third, from the standpoint of the state prohibition commissioner, W.S. Levens.
Wednesday, April 23
People of state urged to aid in enforcing law
The law enforcement mass meeting conducted under the auspices of the state Anti-Saloon League and the local W.C.T.U. at the First Presbyterian Church last night was attended by several hundred people and pronounced one of the most outstanding law enforcement conferences held in this part of the state.
Governor Walter M. Pierce, W.S. Levens, state prohibition commissioner, Judge Percy R. Kelly, Senator Samuel M. Garland, W.J. Herwig of the Anti-Saloon League, and Justice of the Peace Victor Olliver were the speakers for the occasion, dilating on the fundamentals of law and Justice in the enforcement of the prohibition laws of the state.
The climax of the meeting was reached at the close when Sheriff Frank Richard, Deputy Sheriff J.E. Lillard and State Prohibition Officer Duckworth appeared on the scene with a 100-gallon still taken near Sweet Home during the day. Two men were arrested in connection with the still, which had been the object of search for the past three years, said District Attorney L.G. Lewelling. The still was examined by a large percent of the audience. Sheriff Richard stated that six stills had been taken since the first of the year and that a vigorous fight would be continued to enforce the law.
Beginning at 6:30 a banquet was served in the dining room, the speakers being Judge Olliver and Judge Kelly.
Judge Olliver gave an outline of the progress made in elimination of liquor traffic from its earliest conception in the United States, basing his thought on liberty and justice and holding to the theory that the prohibition laws were not formulated without due consideration and that law is the measuring stick of the ideals of the people. He commended the harmony and cooperation that exists in Linn County authorities and alleged that it was incumbent on every citizen to support the law and the officers.
Judge Kelly commended those in authority responsible for the meeting, especially the W.C.T.U. from which he received a book 42 years ago as an award for services rendered when a boy in Albany. He reviewed the great progress that has been made from those days when revenue from the saloons was placed above moral principle as viewed at present. He decried the lack of harmony that has existed between the local, state and national prohibition forces in times past as demoralizing to the cause of law enforcement and hoped for a brighter day.
He pointed out some of the major defects in law enforcement as he saw it, in part as follows: Lack of technical training on the part of those in authority in gathering and presenting evidence in court. Common rules of evidence are often set aside by those who should realize that the court is bound to rule on law and evidence regarding the cases. The reluctance of the citizens to testify or to support the officers in law enforcement was another. He pointed out that all trials must be held in open court and that "no whispering to the judge" can be tolerated in reaching a decision. In other words, the judge is regulated by the records presented in court. He referred to greed for money as being an underlying weakness in the prohibition law and expressed an opinion that the time would be when the American people would completely eradicate the evil.
State Prohibition Commissioner Levens commended District Attorney Lewelling on his success in law enforcement and spoke at length on the responsibility of the office he occupied and pledged his best efforts to law enforcement. He quoted from Roosevelt and Lincoln on basic principles of government and showed that the prohibition movement had been one of gradual growth and through proper cooperation ultimate success would crown the efforts of those engaged in law enforcement. He said the violator of the law was violating an amendment to the constitution of the United States and was a challenge to law enforcement. He urged that the citizens show an interest in the trials of the offenders and all who are summoned to serve on juries should do so as a patriotic duty.
Senator Garland was called on for a few words and commended the governor in appointing Mr. Levens as commissioner and said he believed him to be the best man in Oregon available for the position. The senator was chairman of the prohibition committee in the senate that tried the Cleaver case and was highly commended by Herwig and the governor for his services in the cause of prohibition.
Senator Garland urged sympathetic cooperation in law enforcement. He stated in a murder case every average citizen would be a bloodhound in finding the offender, holding to the theory that the same principle should be followed in the enforcement of the prohibition laws.
Governor Pierce reviewed the law and condition in the state on law enforcement and alleged that approximately 90 percent of the 500 prisoners in the state prison were there by virtue of the influence of liquor. He said at least 100 persons have died in the state during the last 12 months as the result of drinking moonshine whiskey. He told of his experience in pardoning prisoners convicted on moonshine charges, stating that he had granted but three full pardons. He urged friends of prohibition to cooperate with the with the officers in law enforcement. He told of the movement in the eastern states to modify the Volstead act and of a growing sentiment in the east against the present law. He said that the great majority of district attorneys and judges were true to their responsibilities and that the state would strive to stimulate those who were not in sympathy with strict law enforcement. He told of conditions where the offenders alleged that they were in the business on account of economic conditions to support their families, and that leniency had been shown to some on account of dependent children. "We must be builders of character," declared the governor, who spoke in strong terms throughout his address on making Oregon a bone dry state.
The governor decried the country dance hall and road house as a menace to society. He urged that the people take part in passing a drastic law at the coming election regulating the movement which has started in the country out of the reach of police protection. "It is easy to drift with the tide," said the governor. "Let's each of us stand for the building of character."
Superintendent Herwig spoke at different times during the meeting, stating that "we had the law machinery and that it was our problem to make proper use of it."
A series of such meetings is being held in the counties of the state.
Thursday, April 23
Drunken driver law adopted by Albany council (excerpt)
Drunken drivers in Albany will hereafter face severe penalties as the result of action taken by city council last night in passing an ordinance supplying a deficiency that has long existed in the local list of laws. The ordinance will be effective in ten days.
The new law provides a fine of not less than $50 or more than $200 and a jail sentence of not less than ten days or more than three months in jail for anyone convicted of violating the ordinance. Heretofore, drunken drivers could be handled in the city courts only as common drunks.